A hot spot refers to a specific area of skin that becomes infected and inflamed.
It results in constant licking or chewing, in fact most dogs simply cannot leave the area alone. It is often referred to by a couple of more technical names, one of which is moist dermatitis.
Dealing with Hot Spots on Dogs
If the area becomes infected, you should quickly visit your local veterinarian as it will be difficult for you to judge whether or not it is a superficial wound or something that has taken a much deeper hold.
Often located around the back area or on the paws, hot spots on dogs are further aggravated when they bite, lick or scratch the lesions.
It pays to be vigilant when the first warning signs of hot spots on dogs appear.
Signs and Symptoms of Dog Hot Spots
Common signs of hot spots on dogs include:
- constant licking or chewing of the area
- constant scratching to alleviate the itch
- red looking skin
- a weeping wound if infected
- If it is a severe infection and long-standing, there is often some hair loss as well.
It is sometimes necessary to part the hair to take a closer look as it is possible for the hair to grow over the inflamed area thus hiding the real source of the constant scratching.
The lesions can appear all of a sudden, or at least you might only become aware of them all of a sudden. And, yes they can become much larger quite quickly.
Regardless of the cause, whether it be because of a dog skin allergy or a parasite of some kind or something else altogether, your pet will most likely be highly agitated. It goes without saying that you can expect to see your pet “working” the affected area continuously and this will usually serve to simply make the condition worse. He may also become snappy and start to growl if you try to inspect the area more closely.
Causes of Hot Spots
There is of course an initial circumstance that usually leads to this condition.
- Residual Habit
Perhaps something seemingly trivial originally happened which led to your dog licking the area. Then this has turned into a habitual routine which sees your dog compulsively lick and chew his paws until the habit itself becomes the real problem.
It is recommended that you check for parasites of some kind:
- insect stings
Dogs can suffer allergic reactions from a variety of causes; one of the main contributors here is diet. There are some books featured on this page that provide invaluable assistance in getting your dog’s nutrition right.
Long after an injury has healed, you can often see a dog “working the area” in a habitual fashion and this then produces an injury of its own making.
Some dogs have been known to cause a hot spot because they are simply bored.
Some pets could be stressed for some unknown reason and take it out on there paws for example.
How to Treat a Hot Spot
Upon noticing any kind of dog skin irritation, you should always consult your veterinarian immediately. Since there is a possibility of more serious skin infections, it is advisable that you seek some guidance from your vet as soon as possible.
Because hot spots can increase in size quite rapidly, you need to take action as soon as you become aware of the problem.
Here are some steps that you can follow to alleviate a hot spots problem at home, after you have consulted your vet:
- Shave the area that has been affected by hot spots so that you can examine it more closely.
- If you have already been to your vet, then this may already have been done for you.
- Shaving will allow you to make a better decision as to how serious the problem is.
- This will also allow air to reach the area which might have been up until now, kept too moist by matted hair.
- Clean the infection with cool water and a gentle skin cleanser, for dogs.
- You can apply a cool compress to the infected area a number of times during the day when you are home.
- Tea bags make for great cool compress options and can also help to dry the area.
Hot Spot Treatments
If the infection is very severe, your veterinarian will usually prescribe topical drying sprays, medicated shampoos and oral antibiotics that must be regularly administered to your dog.
Some products that dog owners have found success with include:
- Salves: DERMagic Hot Spot Salve
- Sprays: Vet’s Best Hot Spot Spray
- Shampoos: Vet’s Best Hot Spot Shampoo